The Agali Research Centre of ICAR-Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore was established during 1995 in 30 acre State Govt.’ land leased to Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Govt. of India for 99 years. The Centre became operational from 7th April 1999. It is located at 11o9’8” North latitude, 76o41’6” East longitude in the Attapady hill range (altitude 490 m above msl) of Palakkad District, Kerala State (near to Thavakkal Estate, between Vallamari and Kalkandiyoor villages on Kottathara-Pudur Road). The Centre is about 45 km from the main institute Coimbatore. The soil is lateritic with neutral pH but low in Nitrogen. The annual rainfall is around 500-800 mm. The research farm gets water from Bhavani river flowing adjacent to it. The climatic condition prevailing at the location is suitable for sugarcane flowering and seed set. Due to the depleting water resources at main institute during 1990s, a need was felt to create an additional facility to house the parental clones maintained in the national hybridization garden of ICAR-SBI, Coimbatore. Hence, a research centre at Agali was established.