Incharge of Agri.Extension and
1.1 Gender issues in sugarcane farming The study was conducted in Coimbatore and Chidambaram districts in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry to study the activities done exclusively by women and men, time utilization pattern, decision making and drudgery involved.
1.2 Action research project on sugarcane woolly aphid management This was implemented in the reserved areas of Perur division (highest incidence) of Bannari Amman Sugars Ltd with an action research mode for control of woolly aphids. Awareness of the correct management measures of the pest was created among cane staff and cane growers and they were trained in shade-net method of rearing Dipha and identification of other natural parasites and predators.
1.3 Assessment of newer cane technologies: A socio-economic approach Relatively new economically important sugarcane technologies viz., wider row spacing, pheromone traps, variety Co 86032, drip irrigation and mechanization were studied in five sugar mill areas in Tamil Nadu. Sixty farmers for each technology including thirty each from low yielding and high yielding divisions formed the sample.
1.4 Farmers’ participatory action research programme Funded by the Ministry of Water Resources, Govt. of India with an outlay of Rs. 25 lakhs and implemented in four districts of Tamil Nadu, viz., Cuddalore, Dharmapuri, Erode and Coimbatore in two phases. Fifty cane growers from four districts were selected as beneficiaries and 50 demonstrations were conducted in their fields. To start with, participatory tools were used to identify the needs of the selected cane growers, benchmark surveys were conducted and a plan was charted out. Seven technologies viz., Paired row/ pit method of planting with drip fertigation, integrated nutrient management, drought management, trash mulching, in situ trash composting, bio-fertilizer application and vermin-compost were identified for demonstration. The harvest data of the plant crop revealed that there was a mean yield- increase of 7.8% in FPARP plots (Plant) of Cauvery Delta Zone, 11.5% in North-Western Zone and 11.9% in Western Zone. Among the seven technologies, trash mulched FPARP plots witnessed the highest yield improvement (about 12%) followed by drip fertigation, drought management and integrated nutrient management in their order.
1.5 ITKs in sugarcane production system-scope and potential analysis for wide spread adoption Based on surveys conducted with cane growers in Tamil Nadu and Kerala, 40 case studies under different heads viz., innovative practices, traditional practices, entrepreneurial initiatives and unique practices were documented with its scope, potential and limitations. The rationale behind the documented farmers’ practices was analyzed and published as a book.
1.6 Sociological appraisal of sugarcane production system Surveys were conducted in 11 sugar factory areas to assess the adoption pattern of recommended sugarcane technologies, to identify the facilitative and inhibitive factors of sugarcane technologies, constraints faced by farmers in sugarcane farming and identify the research needs in sugarcane based on farmers’ perception. Technology dynamics of selected technologies was studied based on surveys conducted among cane growers.
1.7 Extent of adoption of recommended production- cum-protection technologies of sugarcane in Tamil Nadu and constraint analysis Survey based studies were done in sugar factory areas to assess the extent of adoption of recommended technologies, identify the constraints influencing adoption and to determine yield gap in sugarcane. Secondary data were collected on sugarcane area, production and productivity for the last 10 years and productivity score analysis revealed that the high productivity districts are Namakkal, Theni, Erode, Perambalur and Thanjavur and the lower productivity districts are Vellore, Dharmapuri, Nagapatinam, Karur and Krishnagiri.
1.8 ICT diffusion Data pertaining to ICT resources used by the cane growers, perception on ICT availability and use, barriers in access and use and their information needs and content priorities for CaneInfo website were collected from sugarcane growers in the reserved areas of sugar factories.
Transfer of Technology on various aspects of sugarcane production system is one of the important mandates of this Institute that is being coordinated by the Extension Section with the active participation of other disciplines.
Transfer of Technology is effected through:
♥ National level/ State level training programmes for cane development personnel, State officials and farmers & other agencies
♥ Publications including extension pamphlets and technical bulletins
♥ Programmes in public media like Radio Talks, TV Programmes, News papers and other forums
♥ Production and distribution of Multi-media Compact Discs at a nominal cost to the farmers and other public
♥ A user-centred web site catering to the needs of farmers and cane development personnel.
To promote the transfer of technology the Institute is being funded by Goverment agencies under the following schemes:
♥ Model training course in recent advances in sugarcane production technology – Funded by Ministry of Agriculture/Govt. of India
♥ Front line demonstrations – Funded by MoA/GoI
♥ National level training on Sugarcane Production Technologies – Funded by MoA/GoI
♥ Farmers participatory action research programme (FPARP) on assessing the adaptability of sugarcane technology – Funded by Ministry of Water Resources /Central Water Commission
Announcements will be made from time to time regarding training programmes/ exhibions and other meetings through sugar factories and public media. They will be notified through this web site also.